Museums and Art

Giuseppe Arcimboldo, biography and paintings

Giuseppe Arcimboldo, biography and paintings

Arcimboldo, Giuseppe - Italian painter, painter and decorator of the XVI century. This gives reason to argue that this artist is far ahead of his time and deserves to be known not only by specialists, but also by wide circles of society.

The artist was born in Milan, in 1526. His father was an artist, so it is not surprising that a boy from childhood studied painting and participated in works. Together with his father, he painted churches and showed excellent abilities in creating sketches for then fashionable decor elements of palaces and religious buildings - stained glass windows and tapestries.

Over time, the father's assistant became an independent well-known master, who had regular customers and wonderful works. Thanks to his talents, he was invited to the court of Maximilian II, the former emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. It was a great honor for the master. Subsequently, he moved from Vienna to Prague, where he served as a court painter under the successor of the emperor, Rudolf II, known as the mad alchemist king and German Hermes Trismegistus. At his court, there were such famous people as astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler, alchemists and astrologers John Dee and Edward Kelly and other famous personalities.

It was at the court of Rudolph that the artist painted a picture that made it possible to talk about him as a master with a unique, surreal vision. It is not surprising that the emperor himself was delighted with the experiments and the unique vision of Arcimboldo, noting his achievements by the nobility, and then the title of the Palatine.

This painting is called "Portrait of Rudolph II in the Image of Vertumna", it was painted around 1590 and depicts the emperor in the form of the ancient Italian god of the seasons and fruits - gifts of the land of Vertumna. Since he was a deity of abundance and the natural transformation of one object (seed) into another (fruit), this image was extremely impressive to Rudolf, who had been keen on alchemy all his life. His image seems to be composed of a mosaic, the individual components of which are vegetables, fruits, berries and flowers. If this picture was created today, it would certainly be attributed to the works of the surrealistic direction.

At the courts of the Habsburgs, the artist spent almost a quarter century. In 1587, he returned to his native Milan, but continued to work in his favorite manner. Finished paintings were sent to the emperor in Prague.

Little reliable documentary information has been preserved about the artist’s life, especially about the last period. The master died at the age of 66, presumably from urolithiasis, since such information was preserved in the documents. But at this time the plague raged, so another disease could also be the cause of death.

As often happens, the master’s heritage was forgotten for centuries, and only in the heyday of surrealism did interest in them flare up with renewed vigor.


Watch the video: Fine Arts - Giuseppe Arcimboldo 1527-1593 - Espagnoletta, Spirit of Florence (January 2022).