Portrait of Pope Innocent X - Diego Velazquez. 140 x 119 cm
The painting was created at the time of the visit by the great Spanish artist of Italy, who was then the “trendsetter” in the field of art and was famous as the birthplace of the largest and most talented artists of that time.
Pope Innocent X was considered a cruel man, greedy and not too picky in his actions. But the history of this canvas says that the master once, by chance, saw the true face of the pope when he believed that no one sees him. The artist was struck by the dramatic changes in the appearance of this man, exposed by exorbitant power - he was ordinary, alarmed and tense about something, the same as all other people.
This principle the master put at the heart of his canvas. It is known that when looking at the finished picture, Dad said with displeasure "Too truthful!", But richly awarded the artist for his work.
Indeed, the picture impresses with its skill and inner strength. This is a simple portrait, in which the pope is depicted sitting on the throne in the classic robe of the popes. The color scheme of the picture is built mainly on a combination of two colors - red and white. But the master managed to convey the texture of the materials so well that the picture does not seem boring or monochrome at all. On the contrary, it is harmonious and even somewhat elegant.
The first thing that attracts attention is the radiance of the red satin on the top of the papal robe. The fabric looks so realistic that you literally feel the smoothness of expensive natural silk. Matte white lace contrasts sharply with the rustic and rather rude face of the pontiff. His gaze is warily directed towards the viewer, as if he is waiting for some dirty trick or unpleasant comment.
Due to the extremely accurate transmission of textures, the red color of clothes is not lost against the background of the red velvet upholstery of the throne and the background of the picture, also made in muted reddish-burgundy colors. For decades, this portrait served as a model for copying by students who sought to understand the basics of the method of creating a realistic portrait.